Antivirals and Antibacterials

Antiviral Medication What it Treats

Acyclovir Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, including cold sores and genital herpes. It can also be used to treat varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections, such as chickenpox and shingles.

Valacyclovir Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, including cold sores and genital herpes. It can also be used to treat varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections, such as chickenpox and shingles.

Famciclovir Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, including cold sores and genital herpes. It can also be used to treat varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections, such as chickenpox and shingles.

Ribavirin Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), influenza, and hepatitis C virus.

Oseltamivir Influenza. It can also be used to prevent influenza.

Zanamivir Influenza. It can also be used to prevent influenza.

Interferon alfa-2b Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus.

Foscarnet Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections.

Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections.

Cidofovir Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections.

Antibiotic What it Treats

Amoxicillin A wide variety of bacterial infections, including ear infections, urinary tract infections, and pneumonia.

Azithromycin A wide variety of bacterial infections, including respiratory infections, skin infections, and sexually transmitted infections.

Ceftriaxone A wide variety of bacterial infections, including pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis.

Gentamicin A variety of serious bacterial infections, including infections of the blood, lungs, and urinary tract.

Metronidazole A variety of anaerobic bacterial infections, including pelvic inflammatory disease and bacterial vaginosis.

Tetracycline A variety of bacterial infections, including acne, pneumonia, and Lyme disease.

  

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